Therapy for Depression

Someone who is frequently sad, is often referred to as being depressed. This may or may not be the case. Depression is considered more than just momentary sadness and it can look different in each personl. And in the mental health world depression is categorized into different types, based on how long the symptoms have existed. It also ranges from mild, moderate to severe. The common types of depression are Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), High Functioning Depression a.k.a. Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD), Bi-Polar, Post Partum, Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Depression is a devastating mental illness, but there are treatments available that can help individuals regain control of their life.

Symptoms may look like in Adults:

  • Feeling down regularly
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Feeling tired, fatigued, lethargic
  • Changes with sleep habits
  • Changes in appetite
  • Feeling hopeless, worthless or guilty
  • Mood sensitivity

Symptoms may look like in Adolescent:

  • Sadness, irritability, anger
  • Poor self-esteem and worth
  • Poor performance or poor attendance at school
  • Feeling misunderstood and extremely sensitive
  • Drugs or alcohol us
  • Eating or sleeping too much or insomnia
  • Self-harm
  • Avoidance of activities and social interaction

Types of Depression:

Major Depressive Disorder

For individuals experiencing depression, it can be a kind of dark despair that dictates their world. There are many times that all they want to do is stay in bed, under the covers, hiding away from the world. There is no joy in the things you once enjoyed, they lose hope in everything. The emotional pain can leads to suicidal thoughts, and unfortunately suicide itself.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

The definition of Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD), also known as high function or dysthymia, Is described in various ways and doesn’t always look like what we expect depression to look like. It can be hidden under high achievement and individuals appear to normally throughout their day, therefore the struggles are not as visible to others.. It is a long term depression that may have periods of mild, moderate and severe levels. These feelings can last for years and affect every part of the person’s life. They may appear pessimistic, because of their feelings of hopelessness.


BI-Polar disorder is characterized by extreme mood shifts. These mood shifts can fluctuate between manic and depressive episodes and can present itself separate or together as what is known as mixed episode. It can interrupt every aspect of an individual’s life.
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Triggers can be biological as with the brain structure, genetics, trauma and stressful life events. Treatments include therapy and medication.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Seasonal Affective Disorder appear with the decrease of sunlight and gloomier days associated with late fall to early Winter. Individually generally feel depressed, lethargic and lack motivation to do normal activities, excessive sleep and eating. It interferes with daily life. The effects are due to the reduced sunlight, which can cause changes in serotonin and melatonin level, and sleeping patterns.

Treatment is available in several forms, which include Light therapy, exercise, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and/or medication.

Risk Factors

Depression can appear at any age, but may show up differently based on age groups. It can be due to genetics, environment,

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